Cow vs goat milk in infant’s nutrition: What is better? Review

Authors

  • Juraj Gašper Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra
  • Martina Miluchová Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra
  • Michal Gábor Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra

Keywords:

infant nutrition, infant formula, milk

Abstract

Infant formula is the main source of nutrition for babies who cannot be fed human milk, which is the best source of feed for them. Modern trends spreading through social media are questioning the suitability of commercial infant formula for children. The growth in cow's milk protein allergies among the population and the increase in the percentage of premature infants with low birth weight are focusing attention on cow's milk-based infant formula substitutes. Recently, goat's milk-based infant formulas have become available. A comparison of the composition requirements of infant formula and premature infant formula shows the need to modify both milks for use in infant formula. Differences in milk composition and functional properties can compensate for technological and nutritional differences. The lower allergenicity of goat milk, smaller fat globules and softer curd can cause a different body reaction in goat's milk based infant formula than cow's milk based infant formula. The choice of commercial infant formula should not be made based on the reactions of other children but should be selected taking into account the individual's ability to grow and develop appropriately during the use of particular infant formula.

Author Biography

  • Michal Gábor, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra

     

     

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Published

2024-01-08

Issue

Section

Animal Science