The impact of short-term chokeberry juice intake on selected anthropometric and lipid indicators of women in productive age

Authors

  • Jana Mrázová slovak
  • Jana Kopčeková
  • Peter Chlebo
  • Katarína Fatrcová-Šramková
  • Maroš Bihari

Abstract

Black chokeberry is used in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases, obesity, hypertension and stress. It is valued for its high antioxidant capacity and, in addition, for its anti-inflammatory and hypolipidemic properties. The aim of this intervention study was to assess the impact of short-term intake of chokeberry juice on chosen anthropometric and lipid indicators of 30 women in productive age (from 45 to 55 years). Volunteers received 50 mL of 100% chokeberry juice daily for one-month period. Anthropometric and lipids parameters were monitored before and after 4 weeks of intake of chokeberry juice. Analysis of body composition was determined by the InBody 720, and biochemical analyzes were performed using BioMajesty JCA-BM6010/C. The level of total cholesterol, triacylglycerols and liver enzymes were measured using commercial kits DiaSys by enzymatic measurement. The low density lipoprotein level was found out by the Friedewald equation. Analysis of body composition dynamics showed a signified decrease in body weight (P <0.01), positive loss of body fat (P <0.05), especially in visceral fat (P <0.01). The waist to hip ratio was also improved (P < 0.01). The lipid profile also changed positively, the level of total cholesterol (P < 0.05) and low density lipoprotein decreased (P <0.01). On the contrary, the level of high density lipoprotein increased in a positive direction (P <0.01), while an improvement in the low density lipoprotein / high density lipoprotein ratio was also observed (P <0.001). The average level of C-reactive protein decreased after consumption of chokeberry juice, but without statistical evidence (P ˃0.05). We did not observe significant changes on kidney and liver markers. The results show that daily short-term intake of chokeberry juice can influence risk factors in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and induce beneficial effects on health indicators of adult women.

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Published

2024-01-08

Issue

Section

Animal Science