Garden pea yield and its quality indicators depending on the technological methods of growing in conditions of Vinnytsia region



garden pea, microfertilizers, variety, inoculation, active symbiosis, Rhizobophyte, fertilizers


This paper aims to study the growth and development of garden pea plants when liming the soil, applying mineral fertilizers, pre-sowing seed treatment with inoculants, micronutrients and foliar nutrition. Plants survival was higher in the trial variant when applying lime (1.0 norm of lime per ha), mineral fertilizers, pre-sowing seed treatment with Rhizobophyte and microfertilizer Wuxal Extra CoMo, foliar nutrition with microfertilizers Wuxal Microplant at the microstage ВВСН 12-13 and Wuxal Calcium, Boron at the microstage ВВСН 51-59 – 92.0% and 92.1% in Skinado and Somerwood garden pea varieties. In the same variant, maximum values of the use of photosynthetic active radiation (PAR) were observed in Skinado variety – 1.38 and Somerwood variety – 1.89%. This was 0.47 and 0.57% higher compared to the control. The longest period of symbiosis, both general and active, was 35.3 and 37.1, 25.4 and 26.7 days. This was 2.2, 4.6, and 1.6 days more compared to the control where liming was applied. The highest rates of symbiotic and active potentials were observed in Skinado and Somerwood varieties and amounted to 14.0 and 15.4, 7.8 and 8.6 thousand kg per day/ha,  and the amount of symbiotically fixed nitrogen (SNF) was 148.2 kg/ha in Skinado and 172 kg/ha in Somerwood variety. Pea yield was 9.36 t/ha in Skinado and 11.09 t/ha in Somerwood varieties. This was 2.15 and 2.14 t/ha more compared to the control. Green pea output was 46.4% in Skinado and 50.3% in Somerwood varieties. This was higher compared to the control by 4.4 and 3.0%, respectively.

Author Biography

  • Ihor Kupchuk, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
    PhD in Engineering, Associate Professor, Deputy Dean for Science, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Vinnytsia National Agrarian University


Almashova, V.S. et al. (2006). Influence of micronutrients and Rhizotorphyne on productivity of garden peas in the conditions of Kherson region. Taurian Scientific Bulletin, 49, 18-21.

Andriushko, A. et al. (2004). Specifics of demand and consumption of vegetable products in Ukraine. Agro-Review, 6, 47-51.

Animal feed. Determination of crude ash content: DSTU ISO 5984-2004. Developed for the first time; introduced on January 1, 2006. Kyiv, Derzhspozhyvstandart Ukrainy, 2005.

Biliavska, L. et al. (2021). Adaptability and breeding value of soybean varieties of Poltava breeding. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 27 (2), 312-322.

Chynchyk, O.S. (2013). Influence of fertilization system and methods of basic tillage on the formation of pea plant structure. Feed and feed production: interdepartmental thematic collection of scientific papers, 77, 123-127.

Didur, I. and Mostovenko, V. (2020). Photosynthetic activity of vegetable peas depending on varietal characteristics, soil liming and food system. Agriculture and forestry, 4 (19), 42-50.

Didur, I. and Mostovenko, V. (2021). Dynamics of the number and weight of nitrogen bacteria bubbles of peas growing. Agriculture and Forestry, 20 (1), 49-59.

Didur, I. and Shevchuk, V. (2020). Increase in soil fertility as a result of accumulation of biological nitrogen by legumes. Agriculture and Forestry, 16 (1), 48-60.

Hrushetskyi, S. et al. (2021). The heap parts movement on the shareboard surface of the potato harvesting machine. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov. Series II: Forestry, Wood Industry, Agricultural Food Engineering, 14 (1), 127-140.

Karkanis, A. et al. (2016). Field pea in European cropping systems: Adaptability, biological nitrogen fixation and cultivation practices. Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca, 44 (2), 325–336.

Kovbasa, V. et al. (2021). Functions derivation of stresses in the soil and resistance forces to the motion of a plough share for cavity creation. UPB Scientific Bulletin, Series D: Mechanical Engineering, 83 (3), 305–318.

Li, M. M. et al. (2020). Identification of traits contributing to high and stable yields in different soybean varieties across three Chinese latitudes. Frontiers in plant science, 10:1642.

Lisoval, A.P. et al. (2002). Fertilizer application system: a textbook. Kyiv: Vyshcha shkola.

Mazur, V. et al. (2021). Ecological suitability peas (Pisum Sativum) varieties to climate change in Ukraine. Agraarteadus, 32 (2), 276-283.

Moiseychenko, V. et al. (1996). Fundamentals of scientific research in agronomy. Moscow: Kolos.

Mostovenko, V and Didur, I. (2021). Economic and energy efficiency of growing vegetable peas. Colloquium-journal, 99 (12), 47-52.

Mostovenko, V. (2020). Formation of the crop structure of garden pea varieties depending on varietal characteristics, soil liming and nutrition system. Agriculture and Forestry, 18 (3), 223-232.

Norik, N.O. and Mulyarchuk, O.I. (2018). Treatment with vegetable pea seed growth regulators (Pisum sativum l., Subspecium commune gov) in the Western Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. Podolsk Bulletin: agriculture, technology, economics, 28, 86-93.

Nychyporovych, A.A. et al. (1961). Photosynthetic activity of plants in sowings. Moscow: USSR Academy of Sciences.

Okhrimenko, S. (1998). Influence of clones of nodule bacteria resistant to mineral nitrogen on physiological processes and productivity of pea plants. Physiology and Biochemistry of Cultivated Plants, 2, 138-143.

Paziuk, V. et al. (2021). Substantiation of the energy efficient schedules of drying grain seeds. Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov, Series II: Forestry, Wood Industry, Agricultural Food Engineering, 14 (2), 137–146.

Poberezhets, Yu et al. (2021). Effect of probiotic supplement on nutrient digestibility and production traits on broiler chicken. Agraarteadus, 32 (2), 296-302.

Posypanov, G. (1991). Methods for studying the biological fixation of air nitrogen. Moscow: Agropromizdat.

Pryanishnikov, D. (1963). Agrochemistry. Moscow: Selkhozizdat.

Pylypenko, V.S. et al. (2016). Formation of pea productivity depending on the elements of cultivation technology. Interdepartmental thematic scientific collection of papers Agriculture, 91 (2), 51-55.

Snoad, B. (1974). A preliminary assessment of ‘leafless peas. Euphytica, 23, 257-265.

Tkachuk, O. and Telekalo, N. (2020). Agroecological potential of legumes in conditions of intensive agriculture of Ukraine. Integration of traditional and innovation processes of development of modern science: collective monograph. Latvia, Riga: Baltija Publishing (91-108).

Tkachyk, S. (2016). Methodology of examination of varieties of plants of the group of vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms on difference, uniformity and stability. Vinnytsia: FLP Korzun D.J.

Varchenko, O. et al. (2020). Supply chain strategy in modernization of state support instruments for small farms in Ukraine. International Journal of Supply Chain Management, 9 (1), 536–543.

Vdovenko, S. et al. (2018). Symbiotic potential of snap beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) depending on biological products in agrocoenosis of the right-bank forest-steppe of Ukraine. Ukrainian Journal of Ecology, 8 (3), 270–274.






Plant Science