Fluctuation of families of Coleoptera population depending on the application of organic fertilizers

Jana Ivanič Porhajašová, Jaroslav Noskovič, Maria Babošová


Received: 2016-03-15 | Accepted: 2016-05-05 | Available online: 2016-12-22

The aim of this work was to evaluate the impact of application of defined doses of organic fertilizers (manure and biosludge) to the occurrence of family of Coleopterafaun, during six years long period 2004-2009. Experiment was realized on the locality Kolíňany, by the earth traps method, which were exposed in the five treatments (1st treatment- control treatments ; 2nd treatments- 25 t ha - 1 of the manure ; 3rd treatment- 50 t ha- 1 of biosludge; 4th treatment- 50 t ha - 1 of the manure; 5th treatment- 100 t  ha- 1 of biosludge). Every year the traps were exposed in different crops: 2004- Helianthus annuus; 2005– Beta vulgaris; 2006- Zea mays; 2007- Beta vulgaris; 2008 - Hordeum vulgare; 2009 - Helianthus annuus. Altogether there were trapped 60,406 exemplars of Coleopterafaun, that from taxonomic point of view belonging to the 16 families. The year, temperature and precipitation had positive impact on the incidence of families in the year 2009, when we obtained 18,436 ex and in the year 2008, when we found 15,201 ex. Abundance of exemplars during other studied years was significantly lower. Statistical evaluation of the impact of year on an occurrence of families showed significantly (P = 0.05-0.01) for families Anthicidae, Chrysomelidae, Cryptophagidae, Elateridae and Staphylinidae. The statistical evidence was not reflected (P>0.05) for families Carabidae, Coccinelidae, Curculionidae, Dermestidae, Histeridae, Lathridiidae, Liodidae, Nitidulidae, Ptiliidae, Scarabaeidae and Silphidae. In assessment of impact of the year have an important role climatic factors (temperature and precipitation). Impact of temperature and precipitation recorded evidence for families Anthicidae, Chrysomelidae, Elateridae, Staphylinidae. Other families showed no statistically evidence of impact of climatic factors temperature and precipitation. In evaluating of impact of treatment on evidence of families of Coleopterafaun as the most suitable was 1st treatment- control treatment (13,574 ex), 3rd treatment - 50 t ha-1 of biosludge (13,318 ex) then 2nd treatment - 25 t ha-1 of the manure (12,286 ex), 5th treatment - 100 t ha-1 of biosludge (10,904 ex) and 4th treatment - 50 t ha-1 of the manure (10,324 ex). Based on the statistical evaluation the impact of treatment on occurrence of families was not reflected and all values were insignificant (P>0.05). Eudominant representation showed within all treatments and years the family Carabidae, with dominance from 95.53 to 98.32 %. When we comparing the similarity of treatments the values of species identity by Jaccard (IA) ranged from 75.00 to 100.00 % and values of identity of dominance (ID) ranged from 93.71 to 97.58 %. We can conclude that realized anthropogenic inputs does not negatively affect occurrence of present geobiocoenosis.

Keywords: biodiversity, bio sludge, Carabidae, epigeic group, family, manure

BARANOVÁ, B. et al. (2013) Ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) community of arable land with different crops. Folia faunistica Slovaca. vol. 18. no. 1, pp.21-29.
BOHÁČ, J. (2005). The Beatles – Carabidae. In Kučera, T. The Red book habitats. [Online]. Retrieval July 30, 2005 from http://www.usbe.cas.cz/cervenakniha/texty/
GONGALSKY, K.B. and CIVIDANES, F.J. (2008) Distribution of carabid beetles in agroecosystems across spatial scales - A review. Baltic J. Coleopterol., vol. 8, no. 1, pp.15-30.
CHABERT, A. and BEAUFRETON, CH. (2005) Impact de Quelques culturales sur les Carabes, Araignees, Staphylins. AFPP – 7e Conference Internationale sur les ravageurs en agriclture Montpellier, pp. 1-10.
KUJAWA, K., SOBCZYK, D. and KAJAK, A. (2006) Dispersal of Harpalus rufipes (DeGeer) (Carabidae) between shlterbelt and cereal field. Polish Journal of Ecology, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 243-252.
KVASNIČÁK, R. and DRDUL, J. (2004) Community of beetles (Coleoptera) of a meadow biotop near the Krupský brook (SW Slovakia). Acta Fac. Pedag. Univers. Tyrnaviensis – Seria B, pp.4-10.
LENGERKEN, V. and HANNS, V. (1983) Biologie der Tiere Deutschlands-Coleoptera. Praha: Institute of Entomology. 40 p.
NIETUPSKI, M., KOSEWSKA, A. and LEMKOWSKA, B. (2015) Grasslands with calcareous gyttja soil in the Olsztyn Lake Districk as specific habitats for ground beetles (Coeleoptera: Carabidae). Baltic J. Coleopterol, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 57-70. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.14411/eje.2014.088
PETERKOVÁ, V. (2014) Ecological factors affecting communities beetles. Scientific monograph, Trnava: Trnavská univerzita. 84 p. (in Slovak).
PETŘVALSKÝ, V. et al. (2007) Occurrence of elementary epigeic groups in dependence on the organic matter. Acta Facultatis Ecologiae, vol. 15, pp. 15-19.
PORHAJAŠOVÁ, J. et al. (2009) Biodiversity of epigeic groups in the Nature Reserve of Alúvium Žitavy. Acta fyt. et zoot., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 52-57.
PORHAJAŠOVÁ, J. and ŠUSTEK, Z. (2011) The spatial structure of invertebrate communities with a focus on family Carabidae in the Nature Reserve Žitavský luh. Scientific monograph, Nitra: SPU. 77 p. (in Slovak).
PORHAJAŠOVÁ, J. et al. (2013) The effect of application of organic fertilizers on the dynamics of occurence of carabid species (Carabidae, Coleoptera). JCEA, vol 14, no. 2. pp. 251-272.
PORHAJAŠOVÁ, J. et al. (2014) Dynamics of occurrence of dominant species Pseudoophonus rufipes (De Geer, 1774) and Poecilus cupreus L., 1758 depending on the aplication of organic matter into the soil. Acta fyt. et zoot., vol. 17, no. 1. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.15414/afz.2014.17.01.30-35
POVOLNÝ, D. and ŠUSTEK, Z. (1995) Some reflections on livestock synanthropy and their manifestations in model groups. Acta Univ. Agriculturae, vol. XXXIII, no. 1.
REPA, Š. and ŠIŠKA, B. (2004).The climatic characteristics of the year 2003 in Nitra. Nitra: SPU. 24 p. (in Slovak).
SCHWERK, A. and DYMITRYSZYN, I. (2015). Epigeic and soil carabid fauna (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in relation to habitat differentiation of an insulated semi-natural habitat in Western Poland. Baltic J. Coleopterol., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 47-56.
ŠIŠKA, B. and ČIMO, J. (2006) Weather conditions of years 2004 and 2005 in Nitra. Nitra: SPU. 50 p. (in Slovak).
ŠPÁNIK, F. et al. (2000) Agroclimatic rajonization characteristics of agricultural production in Slovakia in conditions of weather changes Štúdia SBKS SAV, vol. XVII, vol. no, 54 p.

THOMAS, C.F.G., HOLLAND, J.M. and BROWN, N.J. (2002) The spatial distribution of carabid beetles in agricultural landscapes. In Holland J. M. (Ed.) : The Agroecology of Carabid Beetles. Intercept Limited, Andover, pp. 305-344.
VARVARA, M. (2010) The genus Carabus (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in some poteto crops from Romania, 1978-1999. Muzeul Olteniei Craiova. Oltenie. Studii si comunicari. Stiintele Naturii, vol. 26, no. 2, pp.137-146.
VICIAN, V. et al. (2015) The influence of agricultural management on the structure of ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) assemblages. Biologia (Bratislava), vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 240-251. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15415/biolog-2015-0028
VRÁBELOVÁ, M. and MARKECHOVÁ, D. (2001) Probability and Statistics. Nitra: SPU. 199 p.
Weather condition of the years 2007, 2008 and 2009 – unpublished materials. Nitra: SPU.
WOODCOCK, B.A. et al. (2010) Impact of habitat type and landscape structure on biomass, species richness and functional diversity of ground beetles. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, vol. 139, no. 1-2, pp. 181-186. doi:http://dx.doi.org/0.1016/j.agee.2010.07.018


Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica

© Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources