Impact of various moisture regime on selected growth-production characteristics of Medicago sativa L. and Trifolium pratense L.

Peter Kovár, Ľuboš Vozár, Peter Hric


Article Details: Received: 2019-04-08 | Accepted: 2019-06-03 | Available online: 2019-06-30

The aim of the experiment was to find out the impact of different moisture regime on selected indicators of the growth and production process of Medicago sativa L. cv. Zuzana and Trifolium pratense L. cv. Poľana. The pot experiment was carried out at the Department of Grassland Ecosystems and Forage Crops, FAFR SUA in Nitra in 2015. There were evaluated two variants of irrigation: 1st – irrigation once a week and 2nd – irrigation twice a week with a single dose of 300 ml of water per pot. The results of the experiment showed a positive effect on the height of Medicago sativa L. and Trifolium pratense L. plants (p = 0.006 and p = 0.316), the number of stems (p = 0.001 and p = 0.002), dry phytomass production (p = 0.001 and p = 0.044) and the quantity of harvest residues of evaluated legume forages (p = 0.100 and p = 0.146) with a general more visible effect under irrigation twice a week. By comparison of both species, irrigation twice a week was more effective for Medicago sativa L. on plant height, number of stems and weight of above-ground phytomass, whereas for Trifolium pratense L. only on the weight of harvest residues compared to irrigation once a week.


ABBERTON, M. T. and MARSHALL, A. H. (2005) Progress in breeding perennial clovers for temperate agriculture: centenary review. In Journal of Agricultural Science. vol. 143, no. 2–3, pp. 117–135.

BÍRO, D., MICHÁLKOVÁ, J. and JURÁČEK, M. (2006) Changes in amino acid composition of Medicago sativa during the preservation process. Animal nutrition 2006: Proteins. Brno: MZLU, pp. 22–26 (in Slovak).

BLÁHA, L. et al. (2003) Plant and stress. Praha: VÚRV, p. 156 (in Czech).

BRESTIČ, M. and OLŠOVSKÁ, K. (2001) Water stress of plants: causes, consequences, perspectives. Nitra: SPU (in Slovak).

FARISSI, M. et al. (2014) Water deficit effect on yield and forage quality of Medicago sativa populations under field conditions in Marrakesh area. In Annals of West University of Timisoara, ser. Biology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1–8.

GÁLIK, B. et al. (2011) Nutritional characteristics of feeds. Nitra: SPU (in Slovak).

GEJGUŠ, J. et al. (1998) Impact of climatic factors on phenophases in Medicago sativa and Trifolium pratense in the East Slovak lowlands. In: Proceedings of scientific works 14.
Michalovce: OVÚA, pp. 179–185 (in Slovak).

HOLÚBEK, R. et al. (2007) Fodder crops production – management of the cultivation and use of forage. Nitra: SUA (in

KRIVOSUDSKÁ, E. and FILOVÁ, A. (2016) Physiological responses of genotypes soybean to simulated drought stress. In Acta fytotechn zootechn, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 157–162. https://

LICHNER S. et al. (1990) Instructions for exercises from forage crops production. Bratislava: Príroda (in Slovak).

LICHNER, S. et al. (1983) Fodder crops production. Nitra: VŠP (in Slovak).

McKENNA, P. et al. (2018) The use of red clover (Trifolium pratense) in soil fertility-building: A Review. Field Crops Research. vol. 221, pp. 38–49.

MÍKA, V. et al. (1997) Fodders quality. Praha: Ústav zemědělských a potravinářských informací (in Czech).

PORVAZ, P. (2001) The production potential of the Medicago sativa L. in the different systems of founding. Doctoral thesis.
Michalovce: OVÚA (in Slovak).

PROCHÁZKA, S. (2003) Botany. Morphology a physiology of plants. Brno: Mendel University (in Czech).

RADOVIC, J. et al. (2009) Alfalfa-most important perennial forage legume in animal husbandry. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry, vol. 25, no. 5–6, pp. 465–475. Retrieved 2019-01-25 from

ŘÍHA, P. (2009) Recommended varieties of alfalfa, white clover and perennial ryegrass. Pícninářské listy, vol. 16, pp. 5–8
(in Czech).

SAFARNEJAD, A. (2008) Morphological and biochemical response to osmotic stress in alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.). Pak. J. Bot., vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 735–746. Retrieved 2019-02-12 from

SKLÁDANKA, J. et al. (2014) Fodder crops production. Brno: Mendel University (in Czech).

SLOVAK HYDROMETEOROLOGICAL INSTITUTE (2015) Bulletin Meteorology and Climatology. Retrieved 2019-01-10
from (in Slovak).

Stat Soft, Inc. (2005). STATISTICA Cz [Software system for data analysis], version 7.1. www.StatSoft.Cz

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica

© Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources