Genome-wide characterisation of regions under intense selection based on runs of homozygosity in Charolais cattle

Barbora Olšanská, Radovan Kasarda, Kristína Lehocká, Nina Moravčíková


Submitted 2020-06-22 | Accepted 2020-07-20 | Available 2020-12-01

In this study, 68 genotyped purebred cows and bulls of Charolais cattle were used to determine runs of homozygosity (ROH) for evaluation of selection effect on the genome structure. ROH analysis was performed for 41,153 SNPs, and homozygous segments considering a minimum of 15 consecutive SNPs. The aim was to identify if regions of the genome with a high frequency of SNPs in ROH include signatures of selection. The most significant outlier SNPs were found on BTA2, 5, 7 and 19 (11 regions), with a sum of ROH length of 15.85 Mb. These regions contained genes included in various biological processes associated with the functioning of the immune system, growth, reproduction and metabolism. Various quantitative traits loci (QTLs) which affected the characteristics of meat production and reproduction have been identified in these regions. Overall, obtained results suggest that the Charolais cattle genome includes selection signatures reflecting the improvement of meat production and reproduction in accordance to breeding objecives.

Keywords: artificial selection, autozygosity, beef, bovine, candidate genes


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